Proposed Sessions

(Planning for) Indigenous Heritage and Cultural Centres: Past Experiences, Future Expectations

Affiliation: University of Vienna | Country: Austria | Organizer(s): Susanna Gartler, Joella Hogan

Indigenous heritage, culture or interpretive centres play an increasingly important role in nation-building, healing and revitalising indigenous cultures across the Arctic. We invite papers that deal with questions concerning the planning of and operational aspects of these vital infrastructures. This includes critical viewpoints, questions of architecture and building as well as papers that address not only the positive impacts but shed light on idiosyncrasies and ways such projects can be held back too. Further we invite speakers who deal with questions surrounding the articulation of relationships towards nation-states as well towards other indigenous groups.

A cozy Arctic? Experiences, challenges, and opportunities of designing settlements in the High North

Affiliation: Tomsk State University, Ural State University of Architecture and Art | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Sofia Prokopova, Svetlana Usenyuk-Kravchuk

The Arctic city is no longer a utopian projection of the future, but an accomplished fact. Today, the majority of the population of the Arctic territories lives in cities - both in Russia and abroad. The main feature of Arctic cities/towns is their exceptional variability, pulsation in time and space resulted from their remoteness. An ideal Arctic city (1) physically corresponds to the terrain, (2) has a clear visual image and (3) flexible spatial and temporal organization, and (4) helps to adapt and maintain the psychophysiological comfort of residents. While the first three points lie in the field of professional competence of a planner/architect/designer, equipped with modern technologies, then the fourth, i.e. the physical and mental well-being of the city's inhabitants cannot and should not be determined solely by a designer. The active participation of residents in the planning and subsequent development of the city is not just compliance with the global practice of participatory design and the alternative trend of grassroots urban planning, it is a necessity due to the extreme environment. In this session, we invite researchers and practitioners to discuss the existing Arctic settlements (from temporary FIFO camps to permanent towns), with the emphasis on the functional and aesthetic characteristics and their potential impact on the process of physical and psychological adaptation of inhabitants to the extreme environment. We also invite to present and discuss perspective design solutions that could strengthen the creative potential of Arctic residents and provide wider opportunities for its manifestation.

A Framework and Policy Recommendations for Health and Social Research in the Arctic

Affiliation: University of Alaska Anchorage, Sámi Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Mental Health and Substance Use (SANKS), Finnmark Hospital Trust, University of Manitoba | Country: United States | Organizer(s): Katie Cueva, Jon Petter Stoor, Josée Lavoie

The 2018-19 Fulbright Arctic Initiative cohort on Thriving Communities will present a framework and policy recommendations to inform health and social research in the Arctic. Often, the focus of work in the north is limited to a narrow set of deficit-oriented epidemiologic indicators (i.e., prevalence of diseases). While valuable, this research does not adequately capture the complexities of community health and well-being, and fails to highlight solutions. The complexities of a community’s context, strengths, and well-being need to be present in the approach to inquiry in the north. This session will present a collaboratively developed framework to encourage investigation into the contextual factors that promote Circumpolar communities to thrive, as well as policy recommendations on health research in the Arctic in four themes: acknowledge and integrate Indigenous rights and knowledge, expand monitoring and assessment programs, take meaningful action to address Indigenous determinants of health, implement community-led critical research approaches.

Abandonism syndrome in the Arctic

Affiliation: [1] Federal Research Center “Kola Science Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences” (KSC RAS), Lomonosov Moscow State University / [2]Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences (IG RAS), National Research University Higher School of Economics | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Yulia Zaika[1], Maria Gunko[2]

The Arctic is passing through the different economic and political development paradigms which usually result into the changing economic and social arrangements, institutions, as well as the footprint of human activity. These paradigms have shifted dramatically and triumphantly over time, and the evidences of such alterations can still be observed in the Arctic region through the abandoned areas, territories and infrastructures. In this sense Arctic abandonism takes various forms such as social – through the abandoned residential areas and social infrastructures – and economic – through the abandoned industrial and military territories and installations. Even though abandonism is a worldwide challenge, the Arctic syndrome is of particular interest due to the spatial, geopolitical and historic importance of the region highlighted by the rapid environmental and climatic changes. Being a circumarctic syndrome, abandonism is treated in different ways such as rare preservation, occasional redevelopment, massive demolition and reclamation of the abandoned (often contaminated) industrial areas. However, these processes are still slow, scarce (especially redevelopment and preservation) and require intensive investments. In this session we will discuss the role of abandonism in the Arctic regional development and explore the triumphant possibilities and examples of redevelopment, preservation and other ways of treating such areas.

An Integrated European Research Programme – Opportunities for Social Sciences and Humanities researchers in future EU research projects

Affiliation: EU-PolarNet / Arctic Centre University of Groningen | Country: Netherlands | Organizer(s): Annette Scheepstra, Justiina Dahl, Gertrude Saxinger, Tina Schoolmeester, Peter Schweitzer

"EU-PolarNet has been tasked in 2015 by the European Commission to co-design an integrated European Polar Research Programme (EPRP) with all relevant polar stakeholders. Over the past five years, the consortium has therefore reached out to a wide range of stakeholders through dedicated stakeholder workshops, a Town Hall event, interactive breakout sessions, side events and an online questionnaire and a survey. This has resulted in an EPRP based on the societal challenges and needs, which have been identified through these events and the survey. In this session we would like to present this EPRP. We will especially focus on the opportunities the EPRP will offer SSH researchers. The session will also give some general information about how calls for EU projects within Horizon Europe are normally set up, advise how to set up a consortium and a proposal and how European researchers can cooperate with researchers from non-European countries in these proposals. www.eu-polarnet.eu"

Arctic and sub-Arctic natural resources and responsibilities for sustainable use: learning from the past and present to establish responsible practices for the future

Affiliation: UArctic Thematic Network on Arctic Sustainable Resources and Social Responsibility (UArctic TN ASRSR) | Country: Denmark. Russia | Organizer(s): George Varlamov, Karin Buhmann

This session aims to address sustainable usage of Arctic and sub-Arctic natural resources from a diversity of angles and time perspectives. Paper proposals are expected to address the core ICASS X question of how we can develop sustainable practices for the future by learning from the past and the present. While presentations are expected to deploy social science methods and theories, we also invite interdisciplinary presentations that engage with the natural, technical or humanistic sciences in recognition of the importance of interdisciplinary knowledge for sustainable natural resource usage. Issues addressed may include use and non-use of resources; traditional knowledge on natural resources; exploration; exploitation; positive and negative impacts; economic implications; labour implications; impact assessment; understandings of sustainability in regard to natural resource usage; formal and informal responsibilities for sustainable resource usage; relationship to the Sustainable Development Goals; public participation, engagement and contestation strategies; law, politics, management or interdisciplinary governance perspectives. The session is organised by the UArctic Thematic Network on Arctic Sustainable Resources and Social Responsibility, but it is open to all regardless of affiliation with the Network or UArctic. Indicative session themes: 1: Sustainability; 2: Economy, labour and development in the Arctic

Arctic Community Engagements with the Deep-time past: Looking back to look forward

Affiliation: University of Aberdeen, Tallinn University | Country: United Kingdom | Organizer(s): Charlotta Hillerdal, Anna Mossolova

Many Indigenous communities in the Arctic suffer from the aftermaths of colonialism in the form of social and political marginalisation and an experience of cultural loss. The effects of climate change are making this even more pronounced when traditional subsistence practices are threatened. Engaging into traditional cultural activities has proven to be one of the most effective ways to mitigate the negative influences of marginalisation on Indigenous communities, but archaeology has rarely been a participant in the revival of indigenous culture practices. In this session we will discuss the value of community-based archaeology to Indigenous communities, and how power-sharing and knowledge co-production can open up new, and unexpected ways for Artic communities to engage with and strengthen their heritage – and bring it into the future.

ARCTIC CULTURES: Sites of Collection in the Formation of the European and American Northlands

Affiliation: University of Cambridge | Country: United Kingdom | Organizer(s): Richard C. Powell and Arctic Cultures team

This session will present findings from the European Research Council funded project, ‘Arctic Cultures’, 2017-22, using a panel-based format and invited discussants. This project investigates the imaginative construction of the Arctic that emerged from the exploration of the region by Europeans and North Americans and their contacts with indigenous people from the middle of the sixteenth century. During the exploration and colonisation of the Arctic, particular texts, cartographic representations and objects were collected and returned to sites like London, Copenhagen, Berlin and Philadelphia. The construction of the Arctic thereby became entwined with the growth of colonial museum cultures and, indeed, western modernity. Research undertaken by the project team is delineating the networks and collecting practices involved in this ‘creation’ of Arctic Cultures, focusing on sites in the North American and North Atlantic Arctic. In doing so, ARCTIC CULT is providing revisionist understandings of the consequences of colonial representations and decolonial processes for debates about the Circumpolar Arctic today.

Arctic design as a part of north mental well-being

Affiliation: Murmansk Arctic State University | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Tatiana Batova

Arctic design and its impact on the mentality of the north. How interior items and product design affect a person's well-being and how a person influences design. Practical experience in implementing an experiment on the search for regional visual identity through subject design.

 

Arctic Design: best practices from the geographic periphery

Affiliation: Tomsk State University | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Svetlana Usenyuk-Kravchuk, Viktor Klimenko

This session welcomes submissions exploring past-, present- and future-oriented activities in the field of Arctic Design. We invite scholars and practitioners from a broad range of disciplines including design, architecture, arts and crafts, engineering, museology, archaeology, anthropology, and others to discuss the potential of the Arctic design in addressing technological, environmental, and socio-cultural challenges of Arctic development.

We are interested in collecting and pooling case studies from different parts of the circumpolar world that illuminate various facets of the Arctic design approach. To open up the discussion, we propose the following understandings of the phenomenon:

  1. Design for the Arctic: a distant process of ideation and development/manufacturing with the incorporation of local traits on-site but without changing the “non-Arctic” core of a product.
  2. Design in the Arctic: a geographical equation between what the land can provide, and the user can utilize without giving anything in return.
  3. Design with the Arctic: a mutually beneficial engagement with the land and the people, with emphasis on inclusive participation.
  4. Design from the Arctic: technologies and know-how that the Arctic area can export into the rest of the world.

Arctic educational strategies for inclusion and social justice in the circumpolar world

Affiliation: University of Tyumen | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Volosnikova Lyudmila

The Arctic as an open space of diversity and interaction. The role of human capital in the development prospects of the Arctic region. The development of the Arctic: preserving authenticity and identity. Resources and capacities of the indigenous population in the new environment. Well-being as an indicator of social and economic transformations in the Arctic region. Inculturation technologies in the circumpolar world. Arctic youth: from ideas to opportunities for self-realization. Psychological life resources in the Arctic: from resilience to life satisfaction and happiness.

Global and Arctic contexts of education. The Arctic as a scientific and educational platform. Mobility as Arctic competence. The role of education in improving the quality of life of socio-psychological well-being of people in the Arctic region in the conditions of dynamic changes. Arctic school: education based on social justice and diversity. Socio-professional portrait of teaching and assessment of quality of life. Symbiosis of traditional values and technologies. Children of the Arctic: open educational space in extreme conditions. Socio-psychological well-being of Arctic children and the image of the future.

Arctic exclusiveness: space, people, economy

Affiliation: Institute for Regional Consulting, Moscow | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Alexander Pilyasov

The idea of the session is to create comprehensive picture of the Arctic as anti-mainland in its regularities, dynamics, behavior of social and economic systems. Arctic exclusiveness will be proved on the numerous examples taken from the case studies and statistic data, comparative analysis of Arctic and non-Arctic regions on the spatial organizations of productive forces, cities, economy, entrepreneurship etc.

Arctic Heritage: architectural solutions, materials and conservation techniques for unique cultural objects

Affiliation: Northern Arctic Federal University | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Maria Frolova

"The Arctic is one of the most fragile ecosystems on the planet and now meets negative natural and climatic factors. The risks of losing the cultural and natural heritage are increasing due to lack of properly enforced protection systems and as a result of the global climate change that enhances the negative impact of anthropogenic factors on unique objects and spurs their degradation and ultimate loss, e.g. due to corrosion of structural elements and fungi. In light of this, protection and preservation have become a pressing issue in recent decades. Special architectural conservation solutions, proven approaches are needed. States need specific expertise to be implemented on unique objects, whereas the northern universities, business community are interested in attracting more competences to fill in the gaps and expand collaboration with both national and international partners. The goal is to strengthen academia, public authorities, wooden craft professionals & conservation architects (business community) collaboration, enhance knowledge and develop expertise in the areas of shared interest between Nordic countries in the field of architectural and technological solutions for the preservation and sustainable management of the Arctic unique wooden cultural objects, combining old traditional & innovative approaches. Session supported by the NORDIC COUNCIL OF MINISTERS (project # 1020470 ARCTIC HERITAGE: Developing architectural solutions and conservation techniques for unique cultural objects); UNESCO Chair in NARFU “Technologies for Preservation of The Historical and Cultural Heritage of The Arctic Region Countries”."

Arctic Medicine: environmental, fundamental and applied aspects

Affiliation: Northern State Medical University | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Malyavskaya Svetlana Ivanovna

The scientific symposium "Arctic Medicine: environmental, fundamental and applied aspects" devoted to a wide range of research issues of the Arctic region. Scientists of NSMU will present the results of the Arctic health research. Key issues of the symposium:
• Medical issues of the development strategy of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation (on the
example of NSMU);
• Development of medical research in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation;
• Health professional training to support the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation;
• Clinical and physiological issues of adaptation. A multidisciplinary approach to correcting impaired adaptation;
• Well-being of the population in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation - hygienic and epidemiological aspects;
• Biomedical problems of human life in the Arctic;
• Psychological aspects of work in the Arctic.

Arctic mining lives and future

Affiliation: Université Laval, Lulea University of Technology | Country: Canada | Organizer(s): Thierry Rodon, Dag Avango

The Arctic has experienced boom and bust cycles in the mining industries a number of times in the past and will likely experience others in the future. In this session, we look at the past, the present and the future of mining communities in order to get new perspectives on the effects of these mining cycles. The past informs us on the different trajectories of mining settlements and communities and gives us examples on how to adapt to boom and bust cycles. The present allows us to question the narrative on mining and its impact on communities and the environment. The future deals with the legacies that can take the material or immaterial form of memories, identities, nostalgia and loss – economic and emotional – or else be a point of departure for creating new opportunities or for preparing for a new boom cycle. Drawing on a comparative perspective between Canada, Greenland and Fennoscandinavia, this session focuses on how communities that are heavily dependent on extractive industries in the Arctic can deal with rapid change and legacies of resource extraction. Under what circumstances is it possible for these communities to build new futures based on the redevelopment of former extraction sites and beyond extraction? This session is co-organized by REXSAC, a Nordic Centre of Excellence on Resource Extraction and Sustainable Arctic Communities, and MinErAL, an international knowledge network on indigenous peoples and mining encounters that brings together partners and researchers from the Canadian North, Fennoscandinavia, Australia and New Caledonia.