Session Proposals

"Exploring the isolated" or island phenomenon in the Arctic: boundaries, metaphors and languages of description

Affiliation: Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg, Tomsk State University (Russia) / NARFU (Arkhangelsk, Russia) | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Lidia Rakhmanova, Olga Russova

The purpose of this panel discussion is to redefine the boundaries and criteria defining community /territory as "island". The metaphor of "islands" is interpreted differently in various scientific fields, according to a specific disciplinary language. The reasons why a community may be in an "island position" are diverse and are rooted in geographical features, landscape changes, revision of administrative delineation, collapse of infrastructures, destruction of enterprises, changes in the community structure and its identity. Thus, completely different fields and territories may be considered as island cases. We aim to find methodological intersections and commonalities of descriptive languages to reflex the phenomenon of "island" in an interdisciplinary field of Arctic research. What is the peculiarity and difficulty of studying them? What should we consider from the point of view of anthropology, sociology, and economic geography? How to overcome the metaphorization of the "island" position by comparing the cases of marine archipelagoes, isolated cities, taiga settlements and entire regions?

A Framework and Policy Recommendations for Health and Social Research in the Arctic

Affiliation: University of Alaska Anchorage | Country: USA | Organizer(s): Katie Cueva, Jon Petter Stoor, Josée Lavoie

The 2018-19 Fulbright Arctic Initiative cohort on Thriving Communities will present a framework and policy recommendations to inform health and social research in the Arctic. Often, the focus of work in the north is limited to a narrow set of deficit-oriented epidemiologic indicators (i.e., prevalence of diseases). While valuable, this research does not adequately capture the complexities of community health and well-being, and fails to highlight solutions. The complexities of a community’s context, strengths, and well-being need to be present in the approach to inquiry in the north. This session will present a collaboratively developed framework to encourage investigation into the contextual factors that promote Circumpolar communities to thrive, as well as policy recommendations on health research in the Arctic in four themes: acknowledge and integrate Indigenous rights and knowledge, expand monitoring and assessment programs, take meaningful action to address Indigenous determinants of health, implement community-led critical research approaches.

Abandonism syndrome in the Arctic

Affiliation: Federal Research Center “Kola Science Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences” (KSC RAS), Lomonosov Moscow State University, Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences (IG RAS), National Research University Higher School of Economics | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Yulia Zaika, Maria Gunko

The Arctic is passing through the different economic and political development paradigms which usually result into the changing economic and social arrangements, institutions, as well as the footprint of human activity. These paradigms have shifted dramatically and triumphantly over time, and the evidences of such alterations can still be observed in the Arctic region through the abandoned areas, territories and infrastructures. In this sense Arctic abandonism takes various forms such as social – through the abandoned residential areas and social infrastructures – and economic – through the abandoned industrial and military territories and installations. Even though abandonism is a worldwide challenge, the Arctic syndrome is of particular interest due to the spatial, geopolitical and historic importance of the region highlighted by the rapid environmental and climatic changes. Being a circumarctic syndrome, abandonism is treated in different ways such as rare preservation, occasional redevelopment, massive demolition and reclamation of the abandoned (often contaminated) industrial areas. However, these processes are still slow, scarce (especially redevelopment and preservation) and require intensive investments. In this session we will discuss the role of abandonism in the Arctic regional development and explore the triumphant possibilities and examples of redevelopment, preservation and other ways of treating such areas.

Abstract submissions are invited for four breakout sessions

Affiliation: University of Northern Iowa | Country: USA | Organizer(s): Andrey Petrov

Abstract submissions are invited for four breakout sessions addressing the themes:

I. Strengthening, Integrating and Sustaining Arctic Observations, Facilitating Access to Arctic Data, and Sharing Arctic Research Infrastructure

II. Understanding Regional and Global Dynamics of Arctic Change

III. Assessing Vulnerability and Building Resilience of Arctic Environments and Societies

IV. Capacity Building in the Arctic. Contribution of Science and Engineering, Private Sector and the Local Communities

Climate change, globalization and geopolitical dynamics challenge the Arctic region and its inhabitants. The consequences of these forces increasingly exceed local and national mitigation and adaptation capacities, and reach far beyond the high latitudes. A sustainable and prosperous future for the Arctic requires regional and international actors to jointly recognize issues, and then develop solutions, as equal partners, to address these. This is increasingly important if we are to meet our legally binding Paris Agreement commitments and the 17 UN sustainable development goals.
Recognizing these challenges, the 26 nations and 6 indigenous organizations attending the Second Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM2) prioritized the improvement and better coordination of international science cooperation on Arctic issues. Building on the successful ASM2 held in Berlin 2018, Japan and Iceland have agreed to co-organize the Third Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM3) in Tokyo autumn 2020. ASM3 will continue the efforts towards more international, collaborative research for a better understanding of the Arctic which enables us to predict changes more accurately, continue to build sustainable and resilient communities and to preserve the Arctic ́s unique ecosystem for the future.

This Special Session, held about 5 months prior to the ministerial meeting, will focus on the scientific content of ASM3. It will serve as a forum to present and discuss scientific contributions to ASM3 and also include status reports on the planning of the ministerial. The purpose is to support the planning of the ASM3 and to enable the scientific community of Arctic social scientists to contribute.

The focus should be on activities where an improved and better-coordinated international scientific effort can provide opportunities to advance understanding of, and ability to respond to major societal challenges in the Arctic and globally.

An Integrated European Research Programme– Opportunities for Social Sciences and Humanities researchers in future EU research projects

Affiliation: Swedish Polar Research Secretariat, Austrian Polar Research Institute, Arctic Centre, University of Groningen, Grid-Arendal, Austrian Polar Research Institute | Country: Austria, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden | Organizer(s): Justiina Dahl, Gertrude Saxinger; Annette Scheepstra, Tina Schoolmeester, Peter Schweitzer

EU-PolarNet has been tasked in 2015 by the European Commission to co-design an integrated European Polar Research Programme (EPRP) with all relevant polar stakeholders. Over the past five years, the consortium has therefore reached out to a wide range of stakeholders through dedicated stakeholder workshops, a Town Hall event, interactive breakout sessions, side events and an online questionnaire and a survey. This has resulted in an EPRP based on the societal challenges and needs, which have been identified through these events and the survey. In this session we would like to present this EPRP. We will especially focus on the opportunities the EPRP will offer SSH researchers. The session will also give some general information about how calls for EU projects within Horizon Europe are normally set up, advise how to set up a consortium and a proposal and how European researchers can cooperate with researchers from non-European countries in these proposals.

Arctic and sub-Arctic natural resources and responsibilities for sustainable use: learning from the past and present to establish responsible practices for the future

Affiliation: University of the Arctic (UArctic) Thematic Network on Arctic Sustainable Resources and Social Responsibility, Saint-Petersburg University of Management Technologies and Economics, Copenhagen Business School | Country: Russia / Denmark | Organizer(s): George Varlamov / Karin Buhmann

This session aims to address sustainable usage of Arctic and sub-Arctic natural resources from a diversity of angles and time perspectives. Paper proposals are expected to address the session’s core question of how we can develop sustainable practices for the future by learning from the past and the present. While presentations are expected to deploy social science methods and theories, we also invite interdisciplinary presentations that engage with the natural, technical or humanistic sciences in recognition of the importance of interdisciplinary knowledge for sustainable natural resource usage. Issues addressed may include use and non-use of resources; traditional knowledge on natural resources; exploration; exploitation; positive and negative impacts; economic implications; labour implications; impact assessment; understandings of sustainability in regard to natural resource usage; formal and informal responsibilities for sustainable resource usage; relationship to the Sustainable Development Goals; public participation, engagement and contestation strategies; law, politics, management or interdisciplinary governance perspectives.

Arctic Community Engagements with the Deep-time past: Looking back to look forward

Affiliation: University of Aberdeen / Tallinn University, | Country: United Kingdom / Estonia | Organizer(s): Charlotta Hillerdal, Anna Mossolova

Many Indigenous communities in the Arctic suffer from the aftermaths of colonialism in the form of social and political marginalization and an experience of cultural loss. The effects of climate change are making this even more pronounced when traditional subsistence practices are threatened. Engaging into traditional cultural activities has proven to be one of the most effective ways to mitigate the negative influences of marginalization on Indigenous communities, but archaeology has rarely been a participant in the revival of indigenous culture practices. In this session we will discuss the value of community-based archaeology to Indigenous communities, and how power-sharing and knowledge co-production can open up new, and unexpected ways for Artic communities to engage with and reclaim their heritage – and bring it into the future.

ARCTIC CULTURES: Sites of Collection in the Formation of the European and American Northlands

Affiliation: University of Cambridge | Country: United Kingdom | Organizer(s): Richard C. Powell

This session will present findings from the European Research Council funded project, ‘Arctic Cultures’, 2017-22, using a panel-based format and invited discussants. This project investigates the imaginative construction of the Arctic that emerged from the exploration of the region by Europeans and North Americans and their contacts with indigenous people from the middle of the sixteenth century. During the exploration and colonisation of the Arctic, particular texts, cartographic representations and objects were collected and returned to sites like London, Copenhagen, Berlin and Philadelphia. The construction of the Arctic thereby became entwined with the growth of colonial museum cultures and, indeed, western modernity. Research undertaken by the project team is delineating the networks and collecting practices involved in this ‘creation’ of Arctic Cultures, focusing on sites in the North American and North Atlantic Arctic. In doing so, ARCTIC CULT is providing revisionist understandings of the consequences of colonial representations and decolonial processes for debates about the Circumpolar Arctic today.

ARCTIC DEMOGRAPHIC DEVELOPMENT: A GENERATIONAL VIEW

Affiliation: M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Svetlana A. Sukneva

The demographic specifics of the Arctic are determined by the small population and extremely uneven placement in a huge area. The reasons for this are the peculiarities of the development and settlement of the Arctic territory. The characteristics of the gender, age structure and ethnic identity of the population which was formed by the migration processes and the high fertility of the indigenous peoples who have largely preserved traditional model of demographic behavior are also very important. In the process of generational change, not only is the population size and structure reproduction but the standards of demographic behavior are changing. The purpose of the session is to discuss the demographic development of the Arctic regions, the extent of the changes in the processes of reproduction of the different generations. The main factors and reasons for changes in the age and gender structures of the population, fertility processes, mortality, nuptiality and migration, as well as the transformation of reproductive and marital behavior are expected to be discussed.

Arctic Design: best practices from the geographic periphery

Affiliation: Ural State University of Architecture and Art | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Svetlana Usenyuk-Kravchuk, Nikolai Garin

This session welcomes submissions exploring past-, present- and future-oriented activities in the field of Arctic Design. We invite scholars and practitioners from a broad range of disciplines including design, architecture, arts and crafts, engineering, museology, archaeology, anthropology, and others to discuss the potential of the Arctic design in addressing technological, environmental, and socio-cultural challenges of Arctic development. We are interested in collecting and pooling case studies from different parts of the circumpolar world that illuminate various facets of the Arctic design approach. To open up the discussion, we propose the following understandings of the phenomenon: 1) Design for the Arctic: a distant process of ideation and development/manufacturing with the incorporation of local traits on-site but without changing the “non-Arctic” core of a product. 2) Design in the Arctic: a geographical equation between what the land can provide, and the user can utilize without giving anything in return. 3) Design with the Arctic: a mutually beneficial engagement with the land and the people, with emphasis on inclusive participation. 4) Design from the Arctic: technologies and know-how that the Arctic area can export into the rest of the world.

Arctic educational strategies for inclusion and social justice in the circumpolar world

Affiliation: Tyumen State University | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Volosnikova Lyudmila

The Arctic as an open space of diversity and interaction. The role of human capital in the development prospects of the Arctic region. The development of the Arctic: preserving authenticity and identity. Resources and capacities of the indigenous population in the new environment. Well-being as an indicator of social and economic transformations in the Arctic region. Inculturation technologies in the circumpolar world. Arctic youth: from ideas to opportunities for self-realization. Psychological life resources in the Arctic: from resilience to life satisfaction and happiness. Global and Arctic contexts of education. The Arctic as a scientific and educational platform. Mobility as Arctic competence. The role of education in improving the quality of life of socio-psychological well-being of people in the Arctic region in the conditions of dynamic changes. Arctic school: education based on social justice and diversity. Socio-professional portrait of teaching and assessment of quality of life. Symbiosis of traditional values and technologies. Children of the Arctic: open educational space in extreme conditions. Socio-psychological well-being of Arctic children and the image of the future.

Arctic exclusiveness: space, people, economy

Affiliation: Moscow State University | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Alexander Pilyasov

The idea of the session is to create comprehensive picture of the Arctic as anti-mainland in its regularities, dynamics, behavior of social and economic systems. Arctic exclusiveness will be proved on the numerous examples taken from the case studies and statistic data, comparative analysis of Arctic and non-Arctic regions on the spatial organizations of productive forces, cities, economy, entrepreneurship etc.

Arctic Law: Contemporary Status and Development

Affiliation: NarFU | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Nadezhda Chertova, Tatiana Sorokina

Arctic Law is a dynamic and developing system. There are different types of international cooperation in the field of environment protection in the Arctic region: polar seafaring, international organization activities, indigenous people’s rights, and Arctic business, scientific and technical cooperation. All these types of cooperation need comprehensive legal regulation. The planned section has a goal to join legal researchers, governmental and law enforcement bodies representatives to discuss challenges and development direction of the Arctic Law. The Arctic development vector of the Russian state policy is one of the priorities. The government adopted the state program of socio-economic development of the Arctic zone. The urgency of ensuring the national security of the country in the Arctic region is increasing. The expansion of international cooperation in the sub-Arctic region is an objective necessity. All this testifies to the specifics of the complex legal regulation of international and national activities in the Arctic.

Arctic Medicine: environmental, fundamental and applied aspects

Affiliation: FSBEI HE “Northern State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health of Russia | Country: Russia | Organizer(s): Malyavskaya Svetlana Ivanovna

The scientific symposium "Arctic Medicine: environmental, fundamental and applied aspects" is devoted to a wide range of research issues of the Arctic region. Scientists of NSMU will present the results of the Arctic health research. Key issues of the symposium: • Medical issues of the development strategy of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation (on the example of NSMU); • Development of medical research in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation; • Health professional training to support the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation; • Clinical and physiological issues of adaptation. A multidisciplinary approach to correcting impaired adaptation; • Well-being of the population in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation - hygienic and epidemiological aspects; • Biomedical problems of human life in the Arctic; • Psychological aspects of work in the Arctic; The scientific symposium “Arctic Medicine: Environmental, Fundamental and Applied Aspects” complies with ICASS X themes: - Health and well-being - Research methodologies.

Arctic Mining Lives and Future

Affiliation: Université Laval, Luleå University of Technology | Country: Canada, Sweden | Organizer(s): Thierry Rodon, Dag Avango

The Arctic has experienced boom and bust cycles in the mining industries, a number of times in the past and will most likely experience other in the future. In this session, we look at the past, the present and the future of mining communities. Drawing on a comparative perspective between Arctic Canada, Greenland and Fennoscandinavia, this session focuses on how communities that are heavily dependent on extractive industries in the Arctic can deal with rapid change and legacies of resource extraction. Under what circumstances is it possible for these communities to adapt to these changes? How are they impacted and how can they build new futures based on the redevelopment of former extraction sites and beyond extraction? This session is co-organized by two international research networks, REXSAC and MinErAL, and is also the result of comparative research and discussions conducted during two international doctoral seminars organized in Northern Quebec and Sweden.